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National Parks

 
India!!! Blessed with immense natural bounty. Indian bio diversity has its significance in the world. India is among the 12 bio diversities areas of the world. Indian environments vary from snow-capped mountains, tropical rain forests, hot and cold deserts, fertile plains and valleys. These environments provide great variety of habitats for rich Indian flora and fauna
Estimated amount of species in animal kingdom is around 77,000 and 45,000 species of plant kingdom. Indian elephants and the Tiger are famous in the list. They live in the country's forests and grassy plains and swamps, especially the wooded foothills of Himalayas. The other cats of India include four species panthers-the common leopard; the all black leopard; the rarely seen albino leopard; and the snow leopard, which are found only in the Himalayas. The Asiatic lion is now found only in the Gir Forest of Saurashtra, Gujarat.
 
The one horned rhinos is protected species confined to eight wildlife sanctuaries. The largest Indian wild-life sanctuary, Kaziranga in Assam is a home of 400 rhinoceroses. The commonest species of monkeys found in India is the rhesus monkey and the Hanuman monkey, a kind of Langur. Wanderoo, another kind of monkey is found in small area of southern India. The gaur or Indian bison is wild buffalo. The nilgai, or blue bull, found in most areas of the country .The markhor and Asiatic ibex are two types of goats live in the Himalayas. India also kinds of wild antelope, bears, deers, gazelle, goats, pigs and sheep. The Karakul is a wild sheep on North Western India.
 
Domesticated animals include cattle, sheep, goats, water buffaloes, camels, mules, and in Himalayas, yaks. The Ganges Dolphin is the fresh water dolphin that lives in the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus rivers. It may be up to 3.6 meters in length. More than 85 per cent of these species 0f birds are residents within the country. The rest are migratory. Migrating birds reach India in September to November and fly back during March and April.
 
India has more than 400 species of reptiles. The gharial, a long-snouted animal related to the crocodile, lives in the waters of the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, the Indus, and the Mahanadi. India has some 400 species of snakes of which 80 are poisonous.
 


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